SCIENCE GLOSSARY

 

 

Acarology

Branch of  Zoology dealing with ticks & mites.

Acoustics

The study of sound or the science of sound.

Acrobatics

The art of performing acrobatic feats (gymnastics)

Aerodynamics

I.  The branch of mechanics that deals with the motion of air and other gases.

II. The study of the motion and control of solid bodies like aircraft,missiles,etc in air.

Aeronautics

The science or art of flight.

Aerostatics

The branch of statics that deals with gases in equilibrium and with gases and bodies in them.

Aesthetics

The philosophy of fine arts.

Aetiology

The science of causation.

Agrobiology 

The science of plant life and plant nutrition. 

Agronomic 

The science of managing land or crops. 

Agronomy 

The science of soil management & production of field crops. 

Agrostology 

The study of grasses. 

Alchemy 

Chemistry in ancient times. 

Anatomy 

The science dealing with the structure of animals, plants or human body. 

Anemology 

The science of wind. 

Angiology 

The science of blood & lymph vessels. 

Anthropology 

The science that deals with the origin and physical and cultural development of mankind. 

Arboriculture 

Cultivation of trees & vegetables. 

Archaeology 

The study of antiquities. 

Astrology 

The ancient art of predicting the course of human destinies with the help of indications deduced from the position and movement of heavenly bodies. 

Astronautics 

The science of space travel. 

Astronomy 

The study of the heavenly bodies. 

Astrophysics 

The branch of astronomy concerned with the physical nature of heavenly bodies. 

Bacteriology 

The study of bacteria. 

Biochemistry 

The study of chemical processes of living things. 

Biometry 

The application of mathematics to the study of living things. 

Bionics 

The study of functions, characteristics and phenomena observed in the living world and the application of this knowledge to the world of machines. 

Bionomics 

The study of the relation of an organism to its environment. 

Bionomy 

The science of the laws of life. 

Biophysics 

The physics of vital processes (living things). 

Botany 

The study of plants. 

Calisthenics 

The systematic exercises for attaining strength & gracefulness. 

Cardiology 

The science that deals with heart functions and diseases. 

Carpology 

The science of fruits & seeds. 

Cartography 

The science of map-making. 

Ceramics 

The art and technology of making objects from clay etc. (pottery). 

Cetology 

The science of aquatic mammals, especially whales. 

Chemistry 

The study of elements and their laws of combination and behaviour. 

Chemotherapy 

The treatment of disease by using chemical substances. 

Choreography 

The science of dance & composing ballet. 

Chorography 

The science of geographical regions ; plant & animal distribution. 

Chronobiology 

The study of duration of life. 

Chronology 

The science of arranging time in periods and ascertaining the dates and historical order of past events. 

Conchology 

The branch of Zoology dealing with the shells of molluscs. 

Cosmogony 

The science of the nature of heavenly bodies. 

Cosmography 

The science that describes & maps the main features of universe. 

Cosmology 

The science of the nature,origin & history of the universe. 

Crainology 

The science that deals with skull. 

Criminology 

The study of crime & criminals. 

Cryptography 

The study of ciphers (secret writings). 

Crystallography 

The study of structures,forms & properties of crystals. 

Cryogenics 

The science dealing with the production,control & application of very low temperatures. 

Cryptology 

The science dealing with codes & ciphers. 

Cytochemistry 

The branch of cytology dealing with the chemistry of cells. 

Cytogenetics 

The branch of biology dealing with the study of heredity from the point of view of cytology & genetics. 

Cytology 

The study of cells,especially their formation,structure & functions. 

Dactylography 

The study of finger prints for the purpose of identification. 

Dactyliology 

The technique of communication by signs made with the fingers . It is generally used by the deaf. 

Dendrology 

The study of trees. 

Denotology 

The study of moral responsibilities. 

Ecology 

The study of the relation of animals and plants to their surroundings,animate & inanimate. 

Econometrics 

The application of mathematics in testing economic theories. 

Economics 

The science dealing with the production,distribution and consumption of goods & services.

Embryology 

The study of development of embryos. 

Entomology 

The study of insects. 

Epidemiology 

The branch of medicine dealing with incidence & risks of diseases. 

Epigraphy 

The study of inscriptions. 

Eschatology 

The study of death, destiny. 

Ethnography 

A branch of anthropology dealing with the scientific description of individual cultures. 

Ethics 

Psychological study of moral principles. 

Ethnology 

A branch of anthropology that deals with the origin, distribution and distinguishing characteristics of the race of mankind.

Ethology 

The study of animal behaviour. 

Etymology 

The study of origin and history of words. 

Eugenics 

The study of the production of better offspring by the careful selection of parents. 

Exobiology 

A branch of biology that deals with the search for extraterrestrial life,especially intelligent life,outside our solar system. Exobiology is sometimes called xenobiology or astrobiology. 

Futurology 

The study of the future. 

Genealogy 

The study of family ancestries & histories. 

Genecology 

The study of genetical composition of plant population in relation to their habitats. 

Genesiology 

The science of generation. 

Genetics 

The branch of biology dealing with the phenomena of heredity and the laws governing it. 

Geobiology 

The biology of terrestrial life. 

Geobotany 

The branch of Botany dealing with all aspects of relations between plants & the earth's surface. 

Geochemistry 

The study of the chemical composition of the earth's crust and the changes which takes place within it. 

Geography 

The science of the earth's surface,physical features,climate,population,etc. 

Geology 

The science that deals with the physical history of the earth. 

Geomedicine 

The branch of medicine dealing with the influence of climate and environmental conditions on health. 

Geomorphology 

The study of the characteristics,origin and development of land forms. 

Geophysics 

The physics of the earth. 

Gerontology 

The study of old age,its phenomena , diseases, etc. 

Glottochronlogy 

The study of the history of language. 

Heliotherapy 

The sun cure. 

Haematology 

The study of blood. 

Helminthology 

The study of worms, especially parasitic worms. 

Herpetology 

The study of reptiles & amphibians. 

Histology 

The study of tissues. 

Horticulture 

The cultivation of flowers,fruits,vegetables and ornamental plants. 

Hydrodynamics 

The mathematical study of the forces,energy and pressure of liquid in motion. 

Hydrography 

The science of water measurements of the earth with special reference to their use for navigation. 

Hydrology 

The study water with reference to its occurrence and properties in the hydrosphere and atmosphere. 

Hydrometallurgy 

The process of extracting metals at ordinary temperature by leaching ore with liquids. 

Hydropathy 

The cure of disease by the internal and external use of water. 

Hydroponics 

The cultivation of plants by placing the roots in nutrient solution rather than in soil. 

Hydrostatics 

The mathematical study of forces and pressures in liquids. 

Hygiene 

The science of health and its preservation. 

Hypnology 

The study of sleep. 

Ichthyology 

The study of fish. 

Iconograohy 

Teaching with aid of pictures & models. 

Iconology 

The study of symbolic representations. 

Jurisprudence 

The science of law. 

Lexicography 

The writing or compiling of dictionaries. 

Limnology 

The study of freshwater life. 

Lithology 

The study of the characteristics of rocks. 

Mammography 

Radiography of the mammary glands. 

Metallography 

The study of the crystalline structures of metals & alloys. 

Metallurgy 

The process of extracting metals from their ores. 

Meteorology 

The science of the atmosphere and its phenomena. 

Metrology 

The scientific study of weights & measures. 

Microbiology 

The study of minute living organisms including bacteria,moulds and pathogenic protozoa. 

Molecular Biology 

The study of the structure of the molecules which are of importance in biology. 

Morphology 

The science of  organic forms and structures. 

Mycology 

The study of fungi  & fungus diseases. 

Myology 

The study of muscles. 

Myrmecology 

The study of ants. 

Neurology 

The study of the nervous systems,its functions and its disorders. 

Neuropathology 

The study of diseases of the nervous system. 

Nomology 

The study of law making or scientific laws. 

Nosology 

The study of classification of diseases. 

Numerology 

The study of numbers,study of the date and year of one's birth to determine their influence on one's future life. 

Numismatics 

The study of coins & medals. 

Odontography 

A description of the teeth. 

Odontology 

The scientific study of the teeth. 

Oenology 

The study of wines. 

Oncology 

The study of tumour. 

Oneirology 

The study of dreams. 

Ontology 

The study of nature of existence. 

Oology 

The study of eggs. 

Optics 

The study of nature & properties of light. 

Ornithology 

The study of birds. 

Orthoepy 

The study of correct pronunciation. 

Orthopedics 

The science of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and abnormalities of musculoskeletal systems. 

Osteology 

The study of the bones. 

Osteopathology 

Any disease of bones. 

Osteopathy 

A therapeutic system based upon detecting and correcting faulty structure. 

Paleobotany 

The study of fossil plants. 

Paleontology 

The study fossils. 

Palynology 

The study of fossil pollen. 

Pathology 

The study of diseases. 

Pedagogy 

The art or method of teaching. 

Pedology 

The study of soil. 

Penology 

The study of prisons & treatment of criminals. 

Pharyngology 

The science of the pharynx & its diseases. 

Phenology 

The study of periodicity phenomena of plants. 

Philately 

The collection and study of postage stamps,revenue stamps,etc. 

Philology 

The study of written records , their authenticity, etc. 

Phonetics 

The study of speech, sounds and their production , transmission,reception etc. 

Photobiology 

The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms. 

Phrenology 

The study of the faculties & qualities of mind from the shape of the skull. 

Phthisiology 

The scientific study of tuberculosis. 

Phycology 

The study of algae. 

Physical science 

The study of natural laws and process other than those peculiar to living matters,as in Physics ,Chemistry and Astronomy. 

Physics 

The study of the properties of matter. 

Physiography 

The science of physical geography. 

Physiology 

The study of the functioning of the various organs of living beings. 

Phytogeny 

Origin and growth of plants. 

Pomology 

The science that deals with fruits & fruit growing. 

Psychology 

The study of human & animal behaviour. 

Radio Astronomy 

The study of  heavenly bodies by the reception and analysis of the radio frequency electro-magnetic radiations which they emit or reflect. 

Radiobiology 

The branch of biology which deals with the effect of radiations on living organisms. 

Radiology 

The study of X-Rays and radioactivity. 

Reflexology 

The study of reflexes or practice of healing through foot massage. 

Rheology 

The study of the deformation, flow of matter. 

Scatology 

The study of excrement; obscene language. 

Seismology 

The study of  earthquakes and the phenomena associated with it. 

Selenology 

The scientific study of moon, its nature,origin,movements, etc. 

Sericulture 

The raising of silk worms for the production of raw silk. 

Sociology 

The study of human society. 

Spectroscopy 

The study of matter and energy by the use of spectroscope. 

Spelology 

The study of caves. 

Teleology 

The study of the evidences of design or purpose in nature. 

Telepathy 

Communication between minds by some means other than sensory perception. 

Therapeutics 

The science and art of healing. 

Topography 

A special description of a part or region. 

Toxicology 

The study of poisons. 

Virology 

The study of viruses. 

Xylology 

The study of the structure of wood. 

Zoogeography 

The study of the distribution of animals on the surface of the globe. 

Zoometry 

The comparative measurements of the parts of the animals. 

Zoology 

The study of animal life.